Of that amount, $ 96 billion is devoted to building new power plants and $ 37.3 billion to expand the power grid. The Government of Vietnam added that domestic electricity demand will increase by an average of 8.6% / year in the period of 2021-2025 and 7.2% in the period 2026-2030.
The large investment mentioned above will help increase the total installed capacity to 138 GW by 2030 from the current 56 GW. The Ministry of Industry and Trade is currently finalizing the 8th draft of the master plan for power development, which is expected to be submitted to the Government for approval in October 2020. According to the original draft, Vietnam will increase the proportion of wind power, solar power and gas power (using LNG fuel) in the structure of power sources and reduce the proportion of coal thermal power.
As for electricity shortages, Vietnam is increasingly dependent on energy imports to support Asia's leading dynamically developing economic growth. Hydropower resources have been almost fully exploited and have so depleted while oil and gas production in the country has peaked. In addition, the plan to build the first nuclear power plant in Ninh Thuan province was canceled in 2016.
The Vietnamese government said it would have to import 1.2 million tons of LNG and 35.1 million tons of coal per year to electrical power plants by 2025. In the period of 2030, the volume of import will increase to 8.5 million. tons of LNG / year and 45 million tons of coal / year.
According to Petro / Reuters